Trapezoid

A trapezoid is a 4-sided flat shape with straight sides that has a pair of opposite sides parallel (marked with arrows below):  Trapezoid Isosceles Trapezoid

A trapezoid: has a pair of parallel sides is an isosceles trapezoid when it has equal angles from a parallel side is called a "trapezium" in the UK (see below)

Play with a trapezoid: The parallel sides are the "bases"

The other two sides are the "legs"

The distance (at right angles) from one base to the other is called the "altitude"

Area of a Trapezoid The Area is the average of the two base lengths times the altitude:Area = a+b2 × h

Example: A trapezoid's two bases are 6 m and 4m, and it is 3m high. What is its Area?

Area  =  6 m + 4 m2 × 3 m  =  5 m × 3 m  =  15 m2

The Area of Polygon by Drawing tool is helpful when you can draw your Trapezoid.

Perimeter of a Trapezoid

The Perimeter is the distance around the edges. The Perimeter is the sum of all side lengths:Perimeter = a+b+c+d

Example: A trapezoid has side lengths of 5 cm, 12 cm, 4 cm and 15 cm, what is its Perimeter?

Perimeter = 5 cm + 12 cm + 4 cm + 15 cm = 36 cm

Median of a Trapezoid The median (also called a midline or midsegment) is a line segment half-way between the two bases.The median's length is the average of the two base lengths: m = a+b2

You can calculate the area when you know the median, it is just the median times the height:

Area = mh

Trapezium

A trapezium (UK: trapezoid) is a quadrilateral with NO parallel sides.

The US and UK have their definitions swapped over, like this:

 Trapezoid Trapezium US: a pair of parallel sides NO parallel sides UK: NO parallel sides a pair of parallel sides