Cooking Measurements

Recipes use Volume or Weight (Mass) measurements.

Volume

Water, milk, flour, sugar, oil and many more can be measured using:

Some are metric, others US Standard, but it doesn't matter when we have some measuring spoons and cups.

measuring spoons 1 tbs, 1/2 tbs, 1 tsp, 1/4 tsp

These are Measuring Spoons:

150 ml milk in cup

And this is a measuring cup showing milliliters (ml):

In fact it shows 150 ml.

It doesn't say "150" ... it says "50" ... but it is half-way between 100 and 200 so we can figure out it is 150 ml.

 

But what about recipes that ask for a measure we don't have? Never fear! We can find equivalent measures that we do have.

Rough Equivalent Volumes

ml: milliliters, tsp: teaspoon, Tbs: tablespoon, fl oz: fluid ounces
These are not all exact, but close enough for cooking:

mltspTbscupsfl ozpintsquarts
5 ml1 tsp     
15 ml3 tsp1 Tbs    
30 ml6 tsp2 Tbs1/8 cup1 fl oz  
60 ml 4 Tbs1/4 cup2 fl oz  
120 ml 8 Tbs1/2 cup4 fl oz  
250 ml 16 Tbs1 cup8 fl oz  
500 ml  2 cups16 fl oz1 pint 
1 liter  4 cups32 fl oz2 pints1 quart
2 liters    4 pints2 quarts

 

The table above rounds some values to make it simpler.

Weight (Mass)

Recipes may also use these weight (mass) measures

Rough Equivalent Weights

These are not all exact, but close enough for cooking:

gramsouncespounds
30 g1 oz 
60 g2 oz 
120 g4 oz¼ lb
230 g8 oz½ lb
450 g16 oz1 lb
900 g32 oz2 lb

"A Liter is a Kilogram"

This is based on the idea that a liter of water has a mass of about 1 kilogram. It also works for similar fluids like milk and juice

But liters and kilograms are different things.

But be careful! This won't work if the fluid's density is not like water. For example a liter of honey has a mass of about 1.4 kg.

"A Pint is a Pound"

This is based on the idea that 16 fluid ounces of water (1 pint) has a mass of about 16 ounces (1 pound). It also works for similar fluids like milk and juice.

But ounces and fluid ounces are different things.

But be careful! This won't work if the fluid's density is not like water. For example a pint of honey has a mass of about 24 ounces (1½ pounds).