# Cooking Measurements

Recipes use Volume or Weight (Mass) measurements.

## Volume

Water, milk, flour, sugar, oil and many more can be measured using:

- teaspoons
- tablespoons
- cups
- fluid ounces
- pints
- liters

Some are metric, others US Standard, but it doesn't matter when we have some measuring spoons and cups.

These are Measuring Spoons:

**1 tablespoon**- 1/2 tablespoon
**1 teaspoon**- 1/4 teaspoon

And this is a measuring cup showing **milliliters** (ml):

In fact it shows **150 ml**.

It doesn't say "150" ... it says "50" ... but it is half-way between 100 and 200 so we can figure out it is 150 ml.

But what about recipes that ask for a measure we don't have? Never fear! We can find **equivalent measures** that we do have.

## Rough Equivalent Volumes

**ml**: milliliters, **tsp**: teaspoon, **Tbs**: tablespoon, **fl oz**: fluid ounces

These are not all exact, but close enough for cooking:

ml | tsp | Tbs | cups | fl oz | pints | quarts |

5 ml | 1 tsp | |||||

15 ml | 3 tsp | 1 Tbs | ||||

30 ml | 6 tsp | 2 Tbs | 1/8 cup | 1 fl oz | ||

60 ml | 4 Tbs | 1/4 cup | 2 fl oz | |||

120 ml | 8 Tbs | 1/2 cup | 4 fl oz | |||

250 ml | 16 Tbs | 1 cup | 8 fl oz | |||

500 ml | 2 cups | 16 fl oz | 1 pint | |||

1 liter | 4 cups | 32 fl oz | 2 pints | 1 quart | ||

2 liters | 4 pints | 2 quarts |

The table above rounds some values to make it simpler.

**1 cup**in the US is 240 ml, in the UK is 284 ml, in Australia is 250 ml**1 fl oz**(fluid ounce) in the US is 29.57 ml, in the UK is 28.41 ml**1 pint**in the US a dry pint is about 550 ml, a liquid pint about 473 ml. Iin the UK about 568 ml**1 quart**in the US is 946 ml, in the UK is 1136 ml

## Weight (Mass)

Recipes may also use these weight (mass) measures

- ounces
- pounds
- grams
- kilograms

## Rough Equivalent Weights

These are not all exact, but close enough for cooking:

grams | ounces | pounds |

30 g | 1 oz | |

60 g | 2 oz | |

120 g | 4 oz | ¼ lb |

230 g | 8 oz | ½ lb |

450 g | 16 oz | 1 lb |

900 g | 32 oz | 2 lb |

## "A Liter is a Kilogram"

This is based on the idea that a liter of water has a mass of *about* 1 kilogram. It also works for similar fluids like milk and juice

But liters and kilograms are different things.

But be careful! This won't work if the fluid's density is not like water. For example a liter of honey has a mass of about 1.4 kg.

## "A Pint is a Pound"

This is based on the idea that 16 fluid ounces of water (1 pint) has a mass of *about* 16 ounces (1 pound). It also works for similar fluids like milk and juice.

But ounces and fluid ounces are different things.

But be careful! This won't work if the fluid's density is not like water. For example a pint of honey has a mass of about 24 ounces (1½ pounds).