# Subtraction

## Subtraction is ...

... taking one number away from another.

Start with 5 apples, then subtract 2, we are left with 3 apples. | |||

This can be written: 5 − 2 = 3 |

## Try It Yourself

## Train Yourself

You get good at subtraction with practice...

... so use Math Trainer - Subtraction to train yourself!

## Subtraction Table

You can also "look up" answers for simple subtraction using this table:

0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

0 | 0 | ||||||||||||

1 | 1 | 0 | |||||||||||

2 | 2 | 1 | 0 | ||||||||||

3 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | |||||||||

4 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | ||||||||

5 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | |||||||

6 | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | ||||||

7 | 7 | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | |||||

8 | 8 | 7 | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | ||||

9 | 9 | 8 | 7 | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | |||

10 | 10 | 9 | 8 | 7 | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | ||

11 | 11 | 10 | 9 | 8 | 7 | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | |

12 | 12 | 11 | 10 | 9 | 8 | 7 | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 |

### Example: Find 8 − 5

- find the row starting with "8"
- move along till you are under the column "5"
- and there is the number "3", so
**8 − 5 = 3**

## Names

Other names used in subtraction are **Minus, Less, Difference, Decrease, Take Away, Deduct.**

The names of the numbers in a subtraction fact are:

**Minuend − Subtrahend = Difference**

**Minuend**: The number that is to be subtracted from.

**Subtrahend**: The number that is to be subtracted.

**Difference**: The result of subtracting one number from another.

## Subtracting Larger Numbers

To subtract numbers with **more than one digit** (such as "42-25") use any of these methods, * choose the one you prefer*:

Subtraction with Regrouping (also called "Borrowing")This is the method most people use! | |

Quick Subtraction (more complicated, but can be faster) | |

Subtraction using Addition (also called the Complements Method) |

## Worksheets

For practice try these Subtraction Worksheets